Our Feet Our Foundation

Updated: Feb 13

The primary function of feet are to serve as the foundation of the body. Our feet, a fraction of our bodies mass carries the weight of all of it. Feet also play a major role in our body's alignment and ability to balance.

Since so much is riding them perhaps we should take time to invest in the care of our 👣. Let's start by learning of their anatomy.

Feet Have...

  • 26 bones, 33 joints, 1,300 nerve endings, 107 ligaments, and 19 muscles

  • 25% of the bones in the human body reside below the ankle

  • Three arches created by muscular contraction

medial: on the inside of the foot and runs from ourheel to our big toe

lateral: on the outside of the foot and runs from our heel to our pinkie toes

transverse: runs from the pinkie to to the big toe, across the ball of the foot

  • Two types of muscles

Intrinsic: both attachments begin and end in the foot itself, small muscles that control tiny

movements (example: abductor digiti minimi, the muscle that moves the little toe away from

the other toes.

Extrinsic: one attachment is in the foot and one is located outside of the foot area (example:

muscles of the calves.

  • Two types of nerves

Sensory: sense stimuli such as pain, smooth, rough, cold, hot.

Motor: carries impulses to central nervous system to trigger muscle contraction.

  • Two sizes of nerves

Small: bottom of the foot, faster signals to CNS, provide stance and upright stability

Large: when something is on the bottom of the foot it blocks response time of these nerves,

thus have to rely on larger nerves of ankle/leg to move, inability to feel the ground will result in

greater strike on the ground which means a greater impact on the joint, body in general.

In This Post

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Discover arch type and what it means by clicking here.

The Worlds Influence On Our Feet